Capstone Discussion: Clinical  Problem

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Capstone Discussion: Clinical  Problem

Capstone Discussion: Clinical  Problem

Capstone Discussion: Clinical  Problem

Question Description
please respond to the discussions and also reply to the peers discussions

DQ1

During your practicum, determine what clinical problem or issue the organization is facing. Discuss two implications for nursing.

DQ2

What is the main issue for your organization in addressing a solution to evidence-based nursing practice? Discuss what might be the first step in addressing and resolving this issue.

Peer DQ1

Currently, the hand hygiene compliance rate in my healthcare organization is decreasing, as the rate of healthcare-associated infections has increased. In observational studies conducted in local city hospitals, direct healthcare providers washed or sanitized (with alcohol-based sanitizer) their hands on average from 5 to as many as 42 times per shift (World Health Organization, 2017). If the average shift is 8-12 hours that means that many direct care providers only washed/sanitized their hands between 1 and four times. These numbers are very low for a healthcare facility. Hand washing procedure should be performed “before touching the patient” and “after touching the patient.” The average shift of the direct patient care provider in my healthcare facility is 8 hours, and the average number of hand washing procedures performed during the shift has decreased from 5 per shift to 2.5 in the past year, which is half of the previous numbers. The overall compliance is only 33% percent and was obtained by measuring non-directly through measurement of the amount of products (soap/sanitizing liquid) used on a daily basis. The hand hygiene compliance is relatively low and has dropped significantly over the past year in my healthcare facility. The national average for the baseline hand hygiene is between 82% and 75% for the nursing staff. (JCAHO, 2015). This data shows that immediate interventions must be put in place to fix the problem at hand.

Direct patient care providers in the surgical department will be required to wear and activate their hand hygiene monitoring badges at the beginning of their shifts. The data will be analyzed on a daily, weekly and monthly basis for the first six months in a specific department. The data collected will be for each employee and will need to be statistically analyzed using a computer software program. When the staff member uses the hand washing station, the monitoring badges records the event and sends it to the computer software for analysis (Hygreen, 2018). Each staff member will have a unique identification number which will be recorded in the computer application, so that data for each staff member in the department is collected separately. ID number, time and date will be recorded and sent for analysis. Mandatory training sessions on proper hand hygiene procedures will be created and presented for the nursing staff of the surgical department. Posters on the proper hand hygiene techniques will be clearly displayed in all the patient rooms and hallways of the surgical department.

David

Hygreen. (2018). Hand Hygiene Recording and Reminding System. Retrieved from http://hygreen.com/

The Joint Commission. (2015). Hand Hygiene. Retrieved from http://www.jointcommission.org/topics/hai_hand_hyg…

World Health Organization. (2017). WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care: First global patient safety challenge. Clean care is safer care. Retrieved from http://www.eblib.com

Peer DQ2

One issue I have seen is patient falls associated with short staffing. We have had many CNA’s who had graduated nursing school and have obtained their licenses but the facility gives them the run around about being ad equate staffing or not needing them at that point in time but when I see the schedule they are always open shifts and not enough nurses to fill those spots. This in conjunction with nurse turnover and lack of career satisfaction have greatly increased such risks.

Another issue is lack of proper supplies. We are currently having issues with our pharmacy delivering medications which in turn when it is time to administer mediations we have to run around to see if any other cart or floor has the medications available. This is time consuming and sometimes the floor nurses are unable to give mediations because they are now where to be found.

https://www.truthaboutnursing.org/faq/short-staffe…

Peer DQ3

Falls are a widespread concern in hospitals settings, with whole hospital rates of between 3 and 5 falls per 1000 bed-days representing around a million inpatient falls occurring in the United States each year. Between 1% and 3% of falls in hospitals result in fracture, but even minor injuries can cause distress and delay rehabilitation. Risk factors most consistently found in the inpatient population include a history of fall, muscle weakness, agitation and confusion, urinary incontinence or frequency, sedative medication, and postural hypotension.

Based on systematic reviews, recent research, and clinical and ethical considerations, the most appropriate approach to fall prevention in the hospital environment includes multifactorial interventions with multiprofessional input. There is also some evidence that delirium avoidance programs, reducing sedative and hypnotic medication, in-depth patient education, and sustained exercise programs may reduce falls as single interventions. There is no convincing evidence that hip protectors, movement alarms, or low-low beds reduce falls or injury in the hospital setting. International approaches to developing and maintaining a fall prevention program suggest that commitment of management and a range of clinical and support staff is crucial to success (Oliver, Healey & Haines, 2010).

Reference,

Oliver, D., Healey, F., & Haines, T. P. (2010). Preventing falls and fall-related injuries in hospitals. Clinics in geriatric medicine, 26(4), 645-692.

Peer DQ4

Nurses may provide care of differing quality to patients with similar needs under variable staffing conditions and in different work environments. Quality of care is influenced by the environment nurses work in, which involve not only staffing levels, but also the communication systems and collaboration, as well as information systems, and relevant support services available. The two implications for nurses that is determined to be a clinical problem or issues my facility is facing are long shift hours and low staffing; nurses at my facility are often required to work more long hours calling it “mandate”. It can be due to the hospital being short-staffed or management cutting costs. Making nurses work longer than they’re supposed to, which is detrimental. It can affect the quality of care they deliver which reduces patient optimal healthcare recovery as well as put the nurses’ health at risk. Also, Low staffing is one of the most common reasons why nurses experience burnout. Not having enough time to relax and care for yourself can make you feel more frustrated and unsatisfied with your job because nursing is already a stressful job. When a hospital is low-staffed, most of the time the nurse from the previous shift is left with no other option but to take on more shifts. Family gathering and important life occasions are missed and social life can suffer, also.

Reference

Barry-Walker J. The impact of systems redesign on staff, patient, and financial outcomes. J Nurs Adm. 2000;30(2):77–89.
Clifford JC. Restructuring The impact of hospital organization on nursing leadership. Chicago: American Hospital Publishing; 1998.

Peer DQ5

Hi professor and class,

One clinical problem problem or issue my organization is facing is physicians want patients to have foley catherter that don’t meet the protocol. The majority of catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are a result of inappropriate use and excessive duration of indwelling catheters which can burden the hospital with uncovered expenses and cause complications in regards to patient health and well-being. Using a task force to do extensive research and to further ensure that the nurse-driven protocols are being used in the hospital setting, the evidence of increased risk factors and how to reduce the risks have proven results that aim to protect the patient from any extra risk associated with their length of stay. Evidence shows that placing indwelling catheters only in patients who meet strict criteria, removing the catheter as soon as the therapeutic intention is complete, as well as insuring proper catheter care are invaluable against lowering the risk of CAUTI. The biggest challenge appears to be from the nursing staff and the physicians as not every patient needs a catheter to make the hospitalization easier for the staff and the patient.

At my organization we have a foley catheter protocol. The way a patient meet the criteria of having a catheter is indications for use of an indwelling catheter for a short term period, meaning less than 30 days, include urinary retention, obstruction of the urinary tract, close monitoring of the urine output of critically ill patients, urinary incontinence that poses a great risk to the patient because of stage 3 or greater ulcer to the sacral area, and for comfort care of the terminally ill patient.

References:

Review of strategies to decrease the duration of indwelling urethral catheters and reduce the incidence of catheter associated UTI

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/223956773…

Peer DQ6

Heart failure leads as a cause of hospitalization for adults 65 years of age and beyond in the United States. Over a million patients are hospitalized annually from heart failure as their primary diagnosis, and this has accounted for an aggregate expenditure in Medicare that exceeds $17 billion. Even with the dramatic improvement in the results from Medicare therapy, the readmission rates following hospitalization from heart failure are still high (Desai & Stevenson, 2012) . Due to the potential of reduction rates in readmissions of reducing costs and improving quality, it would be necessary for private and public payers to have increasingly targeted readmissions as an initiative for paying-for-performance initiatives.

The challenge of predicting readmission of patients with heart failure comes from the difficulty of assembling a risk model of readmission that is robust as well as actionable. The difficulty is also coupled with the fact that readmission rates prove to be higher when psychological and socioeconomic factors limit the compliance and adherence with medications, follow-up, and self-monitoring (Desai & Stevenson, 2012) .

Capstone Discussion: Clinical Problem

Capstone Discussion: Clinical Problem

Capstone Discussion: Clinical Problem

The nursing implication for patient readmission, particularly in a short period after readmission, is that it acts as an indicator for measuring the quality of nursing care. Nearly a fifth of heart failure patients are readmitted within the 30 days after discharge. Some of the additional measures nurses need to partake in preventing readmissions include training the patient on the necessary practices to embrace before they are discharged from the hospital , conducting home visits, telephone follow-ups, as well as internet, follow-ups (Adib-Hajbaghery, Maghaminejad, & Ali, 2013). Considering the limited healthcare resources nurses may have, using a combination of these methods can not only significantly contribute to a reduction in the number of readmissions of patients with heart failure, but will also enhance the patient’s recovery, improve their quality of life, as well as decrease the medical expenditures for both the patients and the health care system.

References

Adib-Hajbaghery, M., Maghaminejad, F., & Abbasi, A. (2013, Dec). The Role of Continuous Care in Reducing Readmission for Patients with Heart Failure. Journal of Caring Sciences, 2(4), 255-267. Retrieved Sept 25, 2018, from 10.5681/jcs.2013.031

Desai, A. S., & Stevenson, L. W. (2012). Rehospitalization for Heart Failure. Circulation, 126, 501-506.

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS

Discussion Questions (DQ)

Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Weekly Participation

Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality

Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes

I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
LopesWrite Policy

For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
Communication

Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

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