Sociology and Ethic  Assignment

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Sociology and Ethic  Assignment

Sociology and Ethic  Assignment

1. A deontologist could argue which statement in relation to the issue of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) and euthanasia?

a.  PAS and euthanasia are not ethically acceptable, because life is universally valuable and these procedures result in death.

b.  PAS and euthanasia are not ethically acceptable, because they lead to greater amounts of unhappiness than keeping people alive.

c.  PAS and euthanasia are ethically acceptable because one always has to respect the dignity of life and allowing people this choice affirms their dignity.

d.  A and B

e.  A and C

2. Who is famous for establishing the oath for physicians that exists today?

a.  Socrates

b.  Heraclitus

c. Aristotle

.d  Tiberius

.e  none of the above

3. What is the difference between physician-assisted suicide (PAS) and euthanasia?

a.  During PAS, patients end their own lives; during euthanasia, the doctor ends patients’ lives.

b.  During PAS, the doctor ends the patients’ lives; during euthanasia, patients end their own lives.

c.  During PAS, the doctor injects the drug to end the patient’s life; during euthanasia, the patient injects the drug to end their own life.

d. During PAS, the patient and the doctor cooperate to end the patient’s life; during euthanasia, patients end their own lives.

e.  None of the above

4. What is one formulation of Kant’s categorical imperative?

a.  An eye for an eye.

b. Always act in such a way that you promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number.

c. Treat others as you would want to be treated.

d. Do good to others with hate in your heart.

e.  Always treat people as ends in themselves, never as means to an end.

5. How long was Terri Schiavo in a persistent vegetative state before the decision was made by her husband to remove her feeding tube?

a.  1 year

b.  4 years

c.  6 years

d.  8 years

e.  10 years

6. Which group of people might not be fully autonomous in choosing to be a research subject?

a. The incarcerated

b.  The poor

c.  The mentally ill

d.  All of the above

e.  None of the above

7. What is the difference between RU486 and “Plan B”?

a.  RU486 cannot prevent pregnancies that have already occurred while “Plan B” can.

b.  RU486 prevents eggs from fertilizing while “Plan B” works to destroy the embryo.

c.  RU486 and “Plan B” can both eliminate current pregnancies.

d.  RU 486 induces the abortion of fertilized embryos while “Plan B” prevents eggs from being fertilized.

e.  None of the above

8. People who work in the field of mental health__________________

a.  may reveal information in cases where the patient intends bodily harm to another person.

b.  may never reveal confidential information.

c.  ought to never reveal any information.

d.  may not reveal information about diseases that could be used to inflict pain on another person.

e.  none of the above

9. Pluripotent stem cells are__________________

a.  those cells that have the potential to be used for multiple types of tissue.

b.  those cells that have potential to be used only for one type of tissue.

c.  those cells that are generally taken from adults.

d.  those cells that are embryonic stem cells.

e.  none of the above

10. Hospice care focuses on_____________

a.  minimizing patient suffering.

b.  primarily working with those who are going to die.

c. giving humans a dignified death.

d. all of the above.

e. A and B

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.

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